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LISTEN TO 2:44 – 3:03

With that colorful story that we all could relate to, one is perplexed with a question that rattles a man’s manhood: Does water bottles in the sun give you estrogen? I have heard it before, and even though I did not go as far as believing it, I still do not drink from water bottles that have been out in the sun for the off chance that it might be true. But what are the facts? Is it really unhealthy to drink from plastic water bottles that have been out in the sun? Does it increase estrogen levels? Or is it just a lactating myth?

As far as the science goes for the estrogen-water bottle theory, heated plastic from the water bottle releases chemicals called dioxins that lead to increases in estrogen and other health problems. Big words. Big statement. Big lie?

Michael Trush, deputy director of the John Hopkins Center for Urban Environmental Health, states that plastics do not contain dioxins and that the sun’s rays are not strong enough to create them. Most water bottles in the United States are made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET). PET does not contain dioxins or leach any health risking estrogen inducing chemicals. You can tell whether a bottle is made of PET by the triangle on the bottle.



Guys, before you start drinking the water bottles rolling around on the passenger seat floor of your car, there is some more information you should know. There are some water bottles that contain bisphenol A (BPA). BPA is a compound that has shown to increase estrogen in animal studies from water from heated plastic water bottles.


Guys, before you start decimating the water bottles rolling around on the passenger seat floor of your car, there is some more information you should know. Most water bottles sold in America are BPA plastic free. The best way to go about this BPA issue is sticking to reusable water bottles that state that they are BPA free. Everything will be okay.


The real harms of water bottles is the bacteria that can form upon reusing them. When reusing a water bottle, it is recommended to wash the bottle thoroughly and often. But other than that, beware of certain water bottles and guys could remain manly men.





On a windy day, a couple fella’s got on a ship to cross the sea of Galilee. Somebody must have counted all the people on the ship and realized that someone was missing. They looked back and saw a sight they would never forget, the missing man from the boat was following them by walking on water! The man was none other than Jesus himself. One of the people on the ship, named Peter, jumped in to the water and started walking on water too! But he started drowning once he started losing faith in God, and Jesus helped him back on the ship. I am sure that everybody in the ship was yelling “me next!” and “pick me!”, but all accounts say that Jesus just got back on the ship, despite the fact that he really did not need it.

First of all, do not try this at home kids. A couple months ago in the western coast of Africa, an evangelist, Pastor Frank Kabele claimed in his congregation that in the following week he would repeat for them a biblical miracle. He stated that with enough faith, he could walk on water just like Jesus from a beach in Gabon’s capital of Libreville. He said that he would walk across Komo estuary, which takes 20 minutes by boat to cross. An eyewitness stated that “He walked into the water, which soon passed over his head and he never came back.” Let’s partake in a moment of silence…so you could read that statement over again and laugh out loud.


As unlikely as this occurrence sounds, people have hypothesized what would have caused this event if Jesus existed and the disciples actually saw what they saw. Professor Doron Nof, a professor of Oceanography, states that it is more likely that a rare integration of “optimal water and atmospheric conditions” caused the water to freeze in to a phenomenon called springs ice, which allowed Jesus to walk on water. So he was walking on ice rather than water. That explains why he got in the ship, he was getting frost bite on his big toe.

According to this story, Jesus holds the record as the only man to walk on water. But reptiles claim their own record holding Jesus.

The reptile with the ability to walk on water is called basilisks, or the Jesus Lizard. The Jesus Lizard is about 3 inches long and weighs about 3 ounces. They have flaps between their toes which help create a large surface area when their feet splash against the water, creating a pocket of air which helps them run and avoid water resistance. The Jesus Lizard treads water at a rate of 5 feet per second for about 15 feet. So saying that it could walk on water is an understatement, the Jesus Lizard is actually sprinting on water.

Not saying that the Jesus Lizard is better than Jesus, but that is a race I would DVR.



With a blog dedicated to water, it would be blasphemy if I went on any further without acknowledging the actual god of water: Poseidon.

Poseidon is the Greek god of water. He came from a pretty stacked family as his parents, Cronus and Rhea, also gave birth to some other hefty fellas named Zeus and Hades. He was born in to tough times, not economically or socially, but because his father tried to eat him at birth. Cronus was afraid that a prophecy that spoke of a possible overthrowing of his power would come to fruition, and because he strongly believed that he never bit off more than he could chew he decided to eat his sons as they served as possible overthrowing candidates. There are two main hypotheses on how Poseidon’s mother saved him from getting chomped on. The famous one entails his mother tricking Cronus into drinking an emetic after eating Poseidon that forced him to throw him back up. The alternate story involves Rhea giving birth to Poseidon in the middle of a bunch of horses, fooling Cronus in to believing that Rhea gave birth to a horse, and eventually leading to Cronus having horse steak for dinner.

Horse Steak

Poseidon and his siblings did not take the whole being eaten by their father thing to well and decided to join alliances with the one-eyed giant named Cyclops to fight a battle that would lead to the overthrowing of Cronus. During the battle, the siblings and Cyclops became pretty close buddies and so Cyclops gave Zeus his lightning bolts, Hades his invisibility cloak, and Poseidon his trident. Now talk about getting the perfect gifts. Cyclops definitely put some thought in to his presents.

After dethroning Cronus and the other Titans, the gods needed to figure out a way to divide their power over the dominions. They turned to what most people turn to in order to solve their problems in life:…


..the lottery. Hades drew the Underworld, Zeus got the skies, and Poseidon got water, both freshwater and saltwater. So the legacy began.

Unfortunately, most stories label Poseidon as sort of a prick. He was moody and would spent a lot of his time getting revenge on those that angered him. He was also very competitive. His most famous story is one where he got in to a dispute with Athena over who should rule the land that became Athens. They decided that whoever would give the people of Athens the best present would win.



Poseidon drove his trident in to a rock and caused water to spew out for the citizens. Athena, on the other hand, gave them an olive tree. Poseidon probably thought that he had the win in the bag, but it turned out that the water spewing out of the rock was brackish water and was useless to the people. Therefore, the victory and land was handed over to Athena. Poseidon did not show the best sportsmanship after competition, as he dealt with the loss by flooding the city and drowning the citizens.

From almost being eaten at birth by his father to throwing fits that killed people after he lost contests, at the end of the day Poseidon was a true renaissance man and this blog would not exist if it was not for his handy work.




Water’s murderous potentiality was explored in the form of water intoxication in a previous post, but its killing ability reigns not only the lands, but the seas.

Never drink sea water. Everybody abides by this because they are either grossed out by the thought of drinking whale urine and rusty ship wreckage residue or because they had tasted it and had discovered that seawater was not exactly tasting like bubble tea.



Seventy one percent of the Earth is covered in seawater, yet we cannot sip on it. Let us explore the ironically abundant, yet non-drinkable seawater, and how it can kill you.

Sea water is made up of a deadly concoction of water and salt. We need salt and water to live, so in actuality it is not the concoction that is deadly, but it is the dosage that is deadly. Our bodies only need a quarter of a teaspoon of salt a day, 500 mg. But the average human unhealthily intakes about 3,500 mg of salt a day. The superstition requiring people to throw salt over their shoulder upon spilling it was actually put forth to utilize clumsy people to decrease the amount of salt at dinner tables.

Do not look that up.

spilled salt shaker

Fresh water contains 0.1% salt content while seawater contains over 1.0% salt. On top of that, sea water is not regular “pass the salt shaker salt”, it actually contains a lot of different types of salt which includes Epson salts, potassium salts, and iodine salts. Drinking seawater will force the intake of large quantities of salt which will throw your metabolism’s equilibrium off, to say the least.

When drinking seawater, water from every cell of your body rushes to help carry the salt out of your body. So basically, as we hydrate with seawater, we are really dehydrating all of our cells in our body. This will lead to possible seizures, unconsciousness, and brain damage. But even if all the water from our dehydrated cells succeed in bringing all the seawater salt close to excretion, the last stop before departure will not be able to bear the load. The last main stop before unwanted salt is released from the body is the kidneys, and unfortunately, our kidneys would overload and we would die a salty death.

Though humans cannot drink seawater, there are other marine mammals that are able to do so. The reason they are able to drink sea water is because they have larger and more sophisticated kidneys than we do. But let us not get down on ourselves because they do not have larger and more sophisticated technologies than we do.Smart+Ass+Dolphins.+they+cant+rape+you+on+land_5ae913_4873580


California and Florida have desalinized seawater for human consumption in order to experiment with a possible replacement to our current water supply. It is still rather expensive, but research is currently in motion to provide desalinated water to deserts in the Middle East.

There you go. Sea water can kill you by dehydrating your body and damaging your kidneys. So next time you go on a cruise to Florida, double check the supply in the Aquafina vending machines.




Look up in the sky! It is a bird! It is a plane…. possibly from the government that is spraying chemicals to control the weather?! If you are a conspiracy buff, I am sure you know what chemtrails are like the back of your hand, so the next couple sentences are not meant for you. For everybody else, ever wonder what the streaks of white smoke are in the sky? It is a point of dubious speculation by some, and a proposition to be ridiculed by others. Are they just left over smoke from the jet engines of regular airlines? Or are they actually part of a grand scheme of weather experimentation and control?

In order to prevent skeptics from getting too discouraged to read any further, let us begin with the widely proclaimed perception of these linear formations in the sky. Skeptics believe that the conspiratorially minded are confusing chemtrails with contrails. Unfortunately, the difference between chemtrails and contrails entails more than a possible disagreement with spelling. Contrails are made up of water vapor. They are created through condensation, which is formed when heat is generated from airplane engines. The heat facilitates the release of water vapor in to really cold air, which condenses the water vapor in to crystals that create trails that give us something extra to look at in the sky when we get bored.

Now you may be wondering where the conspiracy lies among all of this.



To truly understand where all the chemtrail ruckus comes from, one must take a trip down memory lane. On March 20, 1967, the United States Department of Defense began a top secret mission over North Vietnam and Laos called Operation Popeye.



To the dismay of many special force officers, this operation had nothing to do with fried chicken and spinach. According to declassified Defense Department documents, the mission’s intentions were to prolong the monsoon season through cloud seeding and “increase rainfall sufficiently in carefully selected areas to deny the (Viet Cong) the use of roads…causing landslides…washing out river crossings…” This operation became known to the public when a reporter leaked a secret memo between the Joint Chiefs of Staff to President Johnson. Operation Popeye consisted of 2,602 missions that used 47,409 cloud seeding units in less than half a decade.

So the government made it rain a few more inches in Vietnam while The Beatles were still together…


what’s the big deal? Ask the United Nations. In 1977, America signed the United Nation’s “Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques,” which prohibited the military usage of weather modification technologies. The chairman of Foreign Relations Committee stated that weather modification programs would lead to the development of “vastly more dangerous environmental techniques” which may inflict “irreparable damage” to our world. It does not take much of an expansive imagination to understand how a government could utilize weather modification technologies to create conditions such as hurricanes to militarily enforce political agendas.

In the last 5 years or so, China and Dubai openly experimented with weather modification operations and California is open to resorting to weather modification to help them get out of the biggest drought that they have faced in 54 years. How farfetched is the chemtrails theory? Did the United States, the country with the largest military complex, decide to just abandon such a valuable tool? Or are they constantly experimenting with chemtrails in order to compete with China and other nations? Or are these fictive concoctions formed in our imaginatively bound and conspiracy-prone heads?




We all want to take a vacation every now and again in an effort to get away from life as we know it. But I am pretty sure that no one’s plans can top Ken Sullivan’s vacation aspirations. At first glance, Ken Sullivan is your average Joe. He is a father of four and has been married for forty years.

Forty years too many, that is. Sullivan decided to deal with his mid-life crisis by planning a one way trip to a vacation spot that will make one feel as though they were in an entirely different world. This feeling is caused by the fact that the place that he signed up to go is actually located in another world. Mars.


The travel agency that he signed up for is called Mars One. Mars One  is a Netherlands based program that intends to set up a human colony on Mars by 2024. He hopes to be an inter-planet superstar as all of this is documented and put on television. I think few would disagree that this would be a reality television show worth watching. Speaking of reality television shows, after leaving Keeping Up With the Kardashians, I would not be surprised if they come across Bruce Jenner on Mars because he looks like a Martian. Low blow? Or keen observation? You decide.


The most necessary supplementation for living organisms, as we know it, is water. Naturally, water is an essential requirement  for Sullivan on Mars. Fortunately, there has been much discussion on the possibility of water streams on Mars. All in all, that is great news for Sullivan because that is one less thing that he needs to include in the backpack that he will carry everything he wants to have from Earth for the rest of his life on Mars.

In the form of spacecraft expeditions, we have mustered up fourteen successful trips to the red planet. Through these ventures we have come to realize that there is in fact a significant amount of water on Mars. Unfortunately, the water over there is not really in the form that we would like it to be in.


As far as we know, all the water on Mars is in the form of ice and vapor. Dress warm Sullivan, because due the planet’s distance from the sun, the temperature ranges from 22 degrees Fahrenheit to -124 degrees Fahrenheit. On top of the unfavorable form of water for living organisms, the water on Mars is actually not much like the water on Earth. Scientists hypothesize that the water on Mars is very acidic, giving it a lower freezing point than that on Earth. Acidy water, yum.

In 2008, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter captured images of Mars’ surface with the latest technology known to man, and the findings were rather thirst-quenching. On the surface of Mars, there seems to be streaks that suggests the involvement of water. Some scientists suggest that they are the result of ancient water flows. People who suggest ancient water flows believe that at least 30 percent of Mars was covered with oceanic water. But the majority of scientists believe that water played a more minor role and that it was more likely that small amounts of water mixed with the dirt and sand to create these stream-like streaks.


Now that we know that we got some crappy water on Mars, does that mean that there is a possibility that there could be life on Mars? We will have to tune in to watch the Mars One reality television show starring Ken Sullivan to find out.  Hopefully it does not turn into a typical failed drama series where only a few episodes make it on TV and all the main characters die by the end of the season.



pic 1


Both of these contenders match up very closely to each other, and so this should be an interesting exchange. In the blue corner, a contender that comes out of surface and groundwater, a friend to us all, tap water! In the red corner, we have an opponent that comes from wells, springs, and municipal water supplies, the challenger, bottled water! Can bottled water cap a solid victory and make tap water tap out? Let us move on from the overused stereotype of a fight to truly illustrate a comparison between the two using some good old reliable facts.

Let us start with something that we are all interested in; money. Few years ago, the average cost of bottled water was approximately .90 cents per gallon. That is less than the cost for a McChicken sandwich from McDonald’s. (McChicken’s are great financial models. For example: “How much were those headphones?” – “$25.00” – “Dude, that’s like 25 McChickens”). .90 cents per gallon does not seem bad until you compare it to the price of tap water during the same decade. In 1990, the cost of tap water was .80 cents per 500 gallons. It is clear that bottled water is costing us way more than tap water, but what is so good about bottled water? Is it worth the extra money? But more importantly, is it worth the opportunity cost of sacrificing a potential McChicken?

pic 2

Bottled water comes from wells, springs, and the municipal water supply. Bottled water is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. On the other hand, tap water comes from surface water such as lakes or streams or groundwater. Tap water is regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Given the extra cost of bottled water, it only makes sense that bottled water would have stricter regulation, right? Wrong. The FDA and EPA’s standard’s for water are “essentially the same” (Duke).  But equal regulation does not entail equal health benefits. After all, with the exception of an occasional crafty stoner, healthiness is really the reason why most people buy water bottles. But it turns out that bottled water really is not healthier than tap water. What makes water “healthy” are the minerals in the water. The main minerals are calcium and magnesium. But depending on where you live, your tap water may be practically equal to or exceed the amount of calcium and magnesium that you find in a water bottle.

Now please be seated because the following information may shake the world as you know it. It turns out that most bottled water is in fact, tap water. This is turning in to Fight Club, where Brad Pitt is really Edward Norton and Edward Norton tries to kills Brad Pitt but really just shoots himself in the mouth. 40 percent of water in water bottles are from tap water. This includes all the water that is sold by Pepsi and Coca-Cola. In fact, in 2007 Pepsi was forced to state on its Aquafina water bottle that it came from a public source. The public source is tap water. So they literally took water from your sink, put it in a bottle, and sold it back to you for a higher price. It is just too perfect.

pic 3

Besides portability, tap water triumphs over bottled water in all areas. Our winner by unanimous decision, tap water!



“Be water, my friend.” That was said by a wise man named Bruce Lee.

Bruce Lee probably never experienced water intoxication. Water intoxication is experienced when someone drinks extreme amounts of water. These cases of water intoxication are rare, but there have been several instances where people have died from water intoxication.

The most famous death through water intoxication was a 28 year old woman’s quest to get a free Wii video game console. She tried to attain the Nintendo Wii through a contest at a radio station. The contest was called “Hold Your Wee for a Wii”, and should have included, “possibly OD”, and “die for a mediocre console”. As you probably have guessed, the radio station was holding a water drinking contest that prevented the contestants from urinating. The woman had downed 6 liters of water in three hours’ time. An impressive feat, but she did not get to enjoy the fruits of her accomplishments for long. She vomited and went home with an excruciating headache and died soon after via water intoxication.

There are a couple more known water overdose related tragedies. In 2005, a student died at a fraternity hazing that required him to constantly drink water in between pushups in a cold basement. There have also been instances where people danced and sweat all night on MDMA and died from trying to rehydrate in large amounts the following day. La-da-di-da-di, dancing with molly, hydrate carefully.


All these cases of death via water intoxication carry the same tone of extremity. The deaths usually occur through contests or extreme dehydration followed by extreme hydration. So what causes the actual death? Water has no calories and harmful chemicals right? Well, the reason people die from water actually has less to do with water and more to do with how are body reacts to the water.

The way to sound smart when talking about water intoxication is by referring to it as dilutional hyponatremia. Dilutional hyponatremia causes death by creating an imbalance of fluids in the human body, and a disturbance to the brain. Hyponatremia is actually a Latin word for an insufficient amount of salt in the blood. Our kidneys are responsible for controlling the amount of salt and water that leaves our blood. When someone drinks too much water, the kidneys cannot keep up and flush out the water in time, and the blood becomes water clogged. It is sort of like that one clogged toilet that you wish you had not seen. This causes the brain to swell and eventually lead to a coma or death.

If this is causing you to put away your water bottle, bring it back out and do not worry. As you have read, an extreme instance of dehydration and hydration is required for death via water over dosage. The safest bet when hydrating is taking small sips consistently throughout the day. This will prevent your body from experiencing water deprivation and desires of extreme water binging, and will allow you to live another day to tell your tale of proper hydration.




You are now on your 3rd cup of coffee tonight and only 3 pages in your 12 page paper that is due 7 hours from now at 8 am in the morning. You are trying your best to put the point you are trying to make in decipherable words. But the harder you try to think of the point you are trying to make, the more you keep thinking about how unfunny Geico commercials are getting and how the Progressive commercials are starting to grow on you. It has been a half hour since you wrote a sentence. You turn to mathematics for some consolation by trying to use ratios to figure out how long this hell would last. That is when you realize that at this rate the paper would be done in approximately another 4 days. You start contemplating how you got in to this situation in the first place and wonder whether this is the universe’s way of getting back at you for not being a vegan.

Oh the bitter, heart attack inducing sounds of stress. Stress is one of the most debilitating emotions a human has to experience. It makes it difficult to work efficiently and prevents one from thinking clearly.

What steps can we take in order to relieve stress? I know what you are thinking, and no, I am not talking about anything that requires a lighter and Cool Ranch Doritos.


That is right, all you need is water. It turns out that even mild dehydration can affect one’s mood, thinking ability, and energy levels. This is surprising because when we think of dehydration being a problem we usually refer to some desert cliché with someone walking around in sand seeing mirages. But it turns out that even a 1.5 percent loss of water in our body can affect us drastically through a hindrance of our cognitive ability and emotional stability.

What is circumstantially hilarious is that our body does not recognize that it is dehydrated till it is too late. Lawrence Armstrong is one of the lead scientist in the studies that connect dehydration to cognitive and emotional disturbance and states that, “Our thirst sensation doesn’t really appear until we are one per cent or two per cent dehydrated.” At that point we are already feeling the negative effects from the lack of water. Armstrong’s research consisted of putting mildly dehydrated and hydrated subjects through tests that focused on things such as concentration, memory, and reasoning. Her studies found that women who were mildly dehydrated experienced fatigue, headaches, and difficulty concentrating. Men who were mildly dehydrated also experienced fatigue, anxiety, loss of memory and vigilance.

Anxiety, fatigue, lack of concentration and memory are all catalysts of stress. Sometimes the simplest factors can contribute to relieving us from our weakest emotions. Everybody hates that guy who walks around with a 2 liter water jug, but it turns out that the douche has got something good going there. Since our bodies are not aware of our stress igniting dehydration till it is too late, it is better if we constantly sip water. So next time you are struggling with the consequences of procrastinating while writing your essay, take a sip of water and the words will come to you like never before.



Hi everybody, my name is Shadman and I am a junior at Rutgers University. My major is in English and my minor is in Philosophy. I lived in Queens, New York for 17 years before moving to New Jersey mid-high school. Just like all humans with souls, I love music. My music library ranges greatly, it varies from John Lennon to Biggie Smalls, Frank Sinatra to Wu Tang Clan, and Iron Maiden to Bill Evans. As you can tell, musically I am all over the place. Personally, I play the piano and guitar. As far as sports goes, I wrestle, kickbox and do jiu jitsu, but other than that I am not good at any other sports. I am amazingly terrible at backyard sports. I just never really bothered playing. I never held a lacrosse stick in my life and I do not know who played in the Superbowl.

I have always enjoyed writing. After pushing me hard enough, my high school teachers made me enter little writing contests here and there in Mercer County . Besides those small publishings, I never went further with writing. This is most likely the reason why I chose an English major. With all these writing intensive courses I am writing all the time, and loving it.

So here we are. Another writing course in the books, but this time with a focus on blogging. I am very new to blogging. On top of being very new, I am playing a game of catch up with my class. So right now my feelings are somewhere between anxiety regarding how I am going to cover my grounds, and anticipation for how all this will turn out. All these emotions have got me all stressed up, hold on, let me calm myself with a sip of water.

Yeah that is right. Water can actually calm you down. I will get further in to the specifics of this in my future blogs. As you can see, water has the potential to be a very relevant topic in discussions.

There is just so much to know about water. It is present in so many places, it is useful in so many ways, and it is simultaneously so simple and complex. There are so many aspects of water that can be explored that it is literally impossible to cover everything.

Why did I chose this topic for my blog? I do not really know. When thinking of a topic that I can constantly write about, learn about, and that can be universally accepted and acknowledged; I just thought of water. We’ll call it fate.